The Repository @ St. Cloud State

Open Access Knowledge and Scholarship

Date of Award


Culminating Project Type


Degree Name

English: Teaching English as a Second Language: M.A.




College of Liberal Arts

First Advisor

John P. Madden

Second Advisor

Michael W. Schwartz

Third Advisor

Shawn C. Jarvis

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Keywords and Subject Headings

CLT knowledge, teacher perceptions, CLT application, teaching assistants, communicative language teaching.


This qualitative study investigates teacher perceptions on Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) in an English as a Second Language (ESL) university environment. The study includes ten (10) participants who are all teaching assistants (TA) in the English Department at a Midwestern regional university in the United States. They are all between the ages of 24 to 48 and from varying nationalities and educational backgrounds. All participants will be interviewed in audio-recording using a semi-structured four-phased instrument. The purpose of this study is to elicit teachers’ reports of their knowledge, thoughts, opinions and applications related to CLT in teaching English Language Learners (ELL). Results demonstrated that participants do not have a full understanding of the CLT approach and favor combining different teaching methods. These outcomes could be attributed to lack of teacher training and involvement in research.