The Repository @ St. Cloud State

Open Access Knowledge and Scholarship

Date of Award


Culminating Project Type


Degree Name

English: Teaching English as a Second Language: M.A.




College of Liberal Arts

First Advisor

James Robinson

Second Advisor

Shawn Jarvis

Third Advisor

Augusto Rojas

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.


Parental involvement is critical to the personal and educational development of pupils at all grade levels. The definition of parental involvement is the complete application of parents’ resources to the mental, physical, emotional and social development of children according to Glock and Slowiaczek (1994). The data of this study is collected from a sample of ten Somali male and female parents based in a small Midwest town. The Somali parents in the study are parents with children representing early childhood, elementary, middle school, high School and college level. The method used to collect data are a combination of surveys and open-ended interview questions. The analysis of the interview questions generated ten major themes relating to the parental involvement of Somali parents; concerns about racialization, concerns about their children’s’ academic skills, collectivism and sibling support system, Somali parents have a strict parenting style, Somali children experience a cultural shock in school, Somali parents expressed issues with school bus, employment, and language barrier as obstacles to school involvement, great relationship with the school faculty, Reading and Writing proved to be challenging subjects for students and Somali parents have high aspirations for their children.