Culminating Project Title
Date of Award
Culminating Project Type
English: Teaching English as a Second Language: M.A.
College of Liberal Arts
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.
Keywords and Subject Headings
Definiteness, indefiniteness, specific reference, non-specific reference, anaphoric reference, omission, substitution, insertion.
English was introduced in formal education in Mozambique in the late 1990s in eighth grade. It is an important language in Mozambique because gives access to new technologies. It is also capital for social, and economic mobility. Proficiency in English is demonstrated mostly in writing. For this reason, articles misuses are taken seriously. Lack of mastery of articles can affect the learner’s academic progress in entrance exams and scores at least 50% to progress to the next level. This is the main reason why this thesis is devoted to articles usage.
A total of 64 questionnaires about article usage were administered to 34 college students and 30 high school students. A total of 7808 tokens of articles usage with both noun phrases and acronyms were collected: 1792 on the indefinite article < a >, 1536 on < an >, 3584 on the definite < the >, and 896 on instances where no article is required. Independent samples T-tests with an alpha level of p< .05 revealed significant statistical differences in articles misuses, except with the indefinite article < an >, with (t = .336, df = 62, p = .738).
Overall, high school students slightly outperformed college students. However, the differences in the level of accuracy were less than 5% in all four categories under analysis. These findings have important pedagogical implications regarding the best ways to teach articles to Mozambican students. Throughout the thesis, explanations for these errors and ways to improve students’ mastery of English are discussed.
Manganhela, Felix Maielane, "The Grammar of Articles use in Mozambican Portuguese-accented English" (2016). Culminating Projects in English. 71.