The Repository @ St. Cloud State

Open Access Knowledge and Scholarship

Date of Award


Culminating Project Type


Degree Name

Higher Education Administration: Ed.D.


Educational Administration and Higher Education


School of Education

First Advisor

Steven McCullar

Second Advisor

Tracy Ore

Third Advisor

Michele Traub

Fourth Advisor

Matthew Borcherding

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Keywords and Subject Headings

Women Coaches


In 1972, the federal law Title IX altered the path toward equity and equal opportunity for girls and women in education and sport. Despite this legislation, the journey towards equality continues forty-seven years later. While support, opportunity, and growth for women in sport has increased, the decline and underrepresentation of female head coaches in collegiate athletics has decreased. Similar to the overall decline of collegiate female head coaches, women’s collegiate ice hockey at the NCAA Division I level has also experienced a decline and underrepresentation of female head coaches. While there is research on the decline of women coaches, there is little specifically on female collegiate head women’s ice hockey coaches. This research study will add to the literature on female coaches currently available.

The purpose of this qualitative study was to investigate the experiences of current female head coaches of NCAA Division I women’s ice hockey programs. Six female coaches of NCAA Division I women’s ice hockey programs agreed to participate in this study. Findings from this study, connected to the research questions, revealed themes of personal and professional career trajectories; personal and professional costs or barriers; personal and professional benefits and advantages; experiences with institutions and athletic administrators; insight on the decline of women coaches; and mentorship opportunities. The study ends with suggestions and recommendations for female coaches, aspiring female head coaches, and female athletes who desire to become coaches. In addition, insight is provided to athletic administrators and institutions regarding the importance of female role models, and ways in which they can support, retain, and mentor female coaches.



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