Culminating Project Title
Date of Award
Culminating Project Type
Industrial/Organizational Psychology: M.S.
College of Liberal Arts
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.
Keywords and Subject Headings
creativity, novelty, usefulness, divergent thinking, virtual teams, face-to-face teams, task structure, standardization, formalization
Creativity researchers have proposed that collaboration is necessary for creativity (Amabile & Khaire, 2008), and note that freedom of process is necessary to increase idea generation (Amabile, 1983). Although some research has shown freedom produces greater creativity compared to constraints (Choi et al., 2009; Gilson, Mathieu, Shalley & Ruddy, 2005), a handful of studies have shown that having constraints may be beneficial for creativity teams (Abric, 1971; Dennis, Valacich, Connolly, & Wynee, 1996; Dennis & Valacish, 1999). Constraints may be particularly beneficial for virtual teams to increase their communication and coordination efforts, as these processes differ from face-to-face teams. The present study evaluated the relationship between virtual teams and face-to-face teams and creativity, and whether different degrees of task structure moderate creative output. Results from the study indicated all relationships were non-significant. Limitations and implications from the results are discussed.
Johnson, Emily, "Is Structured Creativity an Oxymoron? The Effects of Moderate Task Structure on Virtual and Face to Face Team Creative Output" (2019). Culminating Projects in Psychology. 13.