The Repository @ St. Cloud State

Open Access Knowledge and Scholarship

Date of Award


Culminating Project Type


Degree Name

Industrial/Organizational Psychology: M.S.




College of Liberal Arts

First Advisor

Daren Protolipac

Second Advisor

Jody Illies

Third Advisor

Paula Weber

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Keywords and Subject Headings

LMX, leadership, gratitude, performance, groups, subordinates


The current study used a controlled laboratory setting to examine how leadership style, gratitude (trait & state), and performance (high & low) affect how subordinates perceive Leader-Member-Exchange (LMX) quality, and additionally how these variables interact when predicting performance congruence. Participants were formed into groups led by a trained research assistant acting as the group leader. Following this, they were asked to work on a group task, complete a short writing assignment, and complete a sequence of surveys. Results found that both leadership style and trait gratitude were both significantly related to LMX ratings. However, state gratitude, performance, and all hypothesized interactions were found to be non-significant. Additional analyses suggest that LMX fully mediates the relationships between trait gratitude, leadership style, and performance congruence. Research conclusions and future directions are discussed.



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