Culminating Project Title
Date of Award
Culminating Project Type
Industrial/Organizational Psychology: M.S.
College of Liberal Arts
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.
Keywords and Subject Headings
LMX, leadership, gratitude, performance, groups, subordinates
The current study used a controlled laboratory setting to examine how leadership style, gratitude (trait & state), and performance (high & low) affect how subordinates perceive Leader-Member-Exchange (LMX) quality, and additionally how these variables interact when predicting performance congruence. Participants were formed into groups led by a trained research assistant acting as the group leader. Following this, they were asked to work on a group task, complete a short writing assignment, and complete a sequence of surveys. Results found that both leadership style and trait gratitude were both significantly related to LMX ratings. However, state gratitude, performance, and all hypothesized interactions were found to be non-significant. Additional analyses suggest that LMX fully mediates the relationships between trait gratitude, leadership style, and performance congruence. Research conclusions and future directions are discussed.
Smith, Adam M., "An Examination of LMX: Accounting for Leadership Style, Performance, and Subordinate Gratitude" (2016). Culminating Projects in Psychology. 2.