The Repository @ St. Cloud State

Open Access Knowledge and Scholarship

Date of Award


Culminating Project Type

Starred Paper

Degree Name

Social Responsibility: M.S.

First Advisor

Ajay Panicker

Second Advisor

Tamrat Tademe

Third Advisor

Elizabeth Scheel

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.



Mongolia, commonly referred to as Minegolia, was one of the longest, purely communist countries in existence. In 1921, political elites and military leaders successfully created a communist revolution (People’s Revolution), established their first constitution, and announced independency to the world, with support of the Soviet government and army. For eighty years MPRP, a one-party system, ruled the country. Following the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1990, eastern European and other communist countries demonstrated change and a new era of development. This democratic revolution was a western way of civilization, but it didn’t exclude Mongolia. Young scholars, elites, students, teachers, and workers wanted freedom, human rights, a market economy, and private property, thus 1990 democratic revolution demonstrations succeeded in bringing capitalist development to the country. However, after 26 years of democratic capitalist development, there aren’t greater economic opportunities, freedoms, or equality. In fact, people are actually getting poorer while unemployment is at an all-time high. Furthermore, the government, politicians, and political parties are corrupt, which adds to peoples’ dissatisfaction. The presence of multinational corporations, combined with exploitations of Mongolian mineral resources, allows for only a few percent of elites and already wealthy business individuals to make even more money, while everyone else is poorer than ever before. The first step to fixing the problems in the country lies within education; every citizen needs to be made aware of what has happened in order to find the cause behind the problems. Once the contributing factors behind the system failure are brought to light, they can be analyzed and the policy can be put onto the right path for development.



First of all, thank you so much for my advisor, supervisor Dr. Ajay Panicker. In addition, thank you so much for my committee members Dr. Tamrat Tadame and Elizabeth Scheel. Your support, superior love is grateful. As a student, it is my honor to being your student. Thank you all again.



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