The Repository @ St. Cloud State

Open Access Knowledge and Scholarship

Date of Award


Culminating Project Type

Starred Paper



Degree Name

Special Education: M.S.


Special Education


School of Education

First Advisor

Dr. Bradley Kaffar

Second Advisor

Dr. Marc Markell

Third Advisor

Dr. Amy Christensen

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Keywords and Subject Headings

disproportionality, behavior management, behavior responses


Investigating teacher response to student behaviors in the classroom, focusing on the disparity between BIPOC student referral rates and that of White students. Discussions include removal discipline, PBIS, the definition of problem behavior, and unconscious bias.



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