The Repository @ St. Cloud State

Open Access Knowledge and Scholarship

Date of Award


Culminating Project Type

Starred Paper

Degree Name

Special Education: M.S.


Special Education


School of Education

First Advisor

Bradley Kaffer

Second Advisor

John Hoover

Third Advisor

Trae Downing

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Keywords and Subject Headings

Attrition, Retention, Special Education


This starred paper consists of reviews of published and unpublished literature, a review of another district’s workload analysis formula, and results of implementing that workload formula in three elementary schools’ workload. The review completed of the three rural elementary schools consisted of six different teachers working with students that meet criteria of Specific Learning Disabilities, Emotional and/or Behavioral Disorders, Other Health Disabilities, and some Autism Spectrum Disorders. The review did not include students in special programs or speech only.


A special thank you to the three advisers on my committee, Bradley Kaffar, John Hoover, and Trae Downing.



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