The Repository @ St. Cloud State

Open Access Knowledge and Scholarship

Date of Award


Culminating Project Type

Starred Paper

Degree Name

Curriculum and Instruction: M.S.


Teacher Development


School of Education

First Advisor

Hseuh-I Lo

Second Advisor

Jerry Wellik

Third Advisor

Ramon Serrano

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Keywords and Subject Headings

data, chance, technology, probability, real world application, secondary mathematics


Appropriate teacher’s intervention and well-organized instruction can help students develop a better understanding of the target math concepts in data and probability area so that it would be easier for secondary students to figure out some difficulties or misconception in the problem- solving process. Utilizing technology like “Tinker Plots” would be beneficial for secondary students to get more interest in the math concepts in data and probability. Secondary students are supposed to know why they need those math concepts for college and job readiness and how the students make a connection between those math concepts and real-world problems.



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