The Repository @ St. Cloud State

Open Access Knowledge and Scholarship

Date of Award


Culminating Project Type




Degree Name

Educational Administration and Leadership, K-12: Ed.D.


Educational Administration and Higher Education


School of Education

First Advisor

Dr. John Eller

Second Advisor

Dr. Amy Christenson

Third Advisor

Dr. Frances Kayona

Fourth Advisor

Dr. Tracy Reimer

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Keywords and Subject Headings

intervention, pandemic, operations, remote learning, principal


School crises, ranging from individual incidents to community-wide disruptions, can occur on or off campuses. The COVID-19 pandemic, the most extensive educational disruption in history, affected over 1.6 billion students globally (UNSDG, n.d.). Reading, a complex process, poses challenges for about 20% of elementary students nationwide (Moats, 2020). Thus, ensuring reading instruction during crises is crucial.

This study explores reading interventions during the COVID-19 pandemic, focusing on Minnesota elementary principals' perspectives. Through interviews, the research delves into their operational practices and strategies. Principals faced significant challenges, prioritizing the survival of institutions, staff safety, and supporting students and families. The study highlights the pandemic's profound impact on educational leadership, emphasizing the need for comprehensive preparedness. Principals navigated safety protocols, remote learning transitions, and resource access, revealing a crucial need for collaboration with internet providers, policy reviews, enhanced instructional leadership, and comprehensive emergency readiness to ensure adaptability and resilience in the face of future challenges.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.