The Repository @ St. Cloud State

Open Access Knowledge and Scholarship

Date of Award


Culminating Project Type


Degree Name

English: Teaching English as a Second Language: M.A.




College of Liberal Arts

First Advisor

Choonkyong Kim

Second Advisor

James Robinson

Third Advisor

Edward Sadrai

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Keywords and Subject Headings

MAP Test, Extensive Reading, Intensive Reading, ESL


This is a qualitative study comparing seven points of quantitative data in the areas of phonological awareness, phonics, concepts of print, vocabulary and word structure, comprehension, writing and overall score, to compare two teaching methods. The main subjects of this study are basal readers, leveled readers and MAP reading scores. The study participants were second grade ESL students in separate classrooms. Although this study touches on the use of sight-words, visual images, context vocabulary, reading time and word play through word use, the main focus of the results are a comparison between two different ways to present reading lessons to students. It is shown in the results that leveled readers can improve reading scores. These results can be used to improve reading instruction in any grade and at all levels.


I extend a sincere thank you to the many professors, co-workers and family members who helped make this project possible.