The Repository @ St. Cloud State

Open Access Knowledge and Scholarship

Date of Award


Culminating Project Type


Degree Name

Industrial/Organizational Psychology: M.S.




College of Liberal Arts

First Advisor

Daren Protolipac

Second Advisor

John Kulas

Third Advisor

Richard Thompson

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.


The current 2004 revision of the Strong Interest Inventory has been understudied in China. The present study (a) translated the Strong assessment into Simplified Chinese, (b) investigated the fit of circular and circumplex models of Holland’s theory in Chinese population and compared the scores on the construct equivalent scales, and (c) uncovered the generalizability and applicability of the Strong assessment in Chinese culture. The randomization test (RTHOR) and circumplex covariance structure model (CCSM) were applied to a diverse Chinese sample to explore the cross-cultural validity of Holland’s models. Empirical support was found for Holland’s circular ordering model in the overall sample and subgroups of males and students. Results suggested that the Chinese Strong assessment was psychometrically sound and was promising to be used in China. Theoretical and practical implications were then discussed.


I would like to thank Mike Morris for his kindest provision of enormous help and valuable feedback, and Daren Protolipac, John Kulas, and Richard Thompson for their constructive comments on this study. I would also like to extend my sincerest thanks and appreciation to Yun Wu, Ming Zhu, Zhonghong Yang, Xinliang Li, Ying Liu, Beilei Pan, Fanxin Zhu, and other individuals for helping recruit and organize participants in China to take the Chinese Strong Interest Inventory. In addition, I owed much to Yuzhou Chen, Qiuyu Su, and Linda Fan, who made great effort to translate and review the Strong Interest Inventory. Lastly, I have to specially thank the CPP, Inc., the exclusive publisher of the Strong Interest Inventory, for providing me with great trust and opportunity to translate and validate the Strong assessment.



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